These publications pages contain details of all the publications currently available from The Composting Association. To order a publication select the ‘order publication’ button, this will open the order form page which allows you to register an order for any Association publication online.

Health and Safety at Composting Sites: A Guide for Site Managers

The Composting Association has published a second edition of its Health and Safety at Composting Sites: A Guide for Site Managers. The new 64 page edition builds on the first with greatly expanded chapters throughout and new chapters on Safe Working Practice and the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002. Health and Safety at Composting Sites: A Guide for Site Managers has been published with the support of DEFRA through the Environmental Action Fund.

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A Guide to In-Vessel Composting – Plus a Directory of System Suppliers

Written and designed to inform the decision making process, A Guide to In-Vessel Composting – Plus a Directory of System Suppliers provides an invaluable insight into in-vessel composting processes and provides a comprehensive directory of technologies available in the UK.

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The Practical Guide to Compost Marketing and Sales

Many articles and other publications have been written about the use of compost in a variety of applications and markets. Several articles have also been written that summarize successful compost marketing programs. No publications exist, however, which can assist in training a new compost salesperson or provide sales insights to current sales people. This manual has been published for that reason. Many new publicly and privately owned composting facilities have begun operation over the past 10 years, and much assistance has been needed in the development of compost markets and in training new sale staff. The majority of compost being manufactured today is being marketed in bulk form. Compost marketing and sales manual will concentrate on this fact. This manual provides sales and marketing strategies, as well as other important information, for compost sales people and management.

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The State of Composting in the UK 2001/2

According to The Composting Association抯 latest survey of the composting industry, the amount of material being composted in the UK increased 100% between 1999/00 and 2001/02. The State of Composting in the UK 2001/2 indicated that 1.66 million tonnes of material was processed at 218 composting facilities. The State of Composting in the UK 2001/2 was funded by the Environment Agency and the Waste and Resources Action Programme.

Of the 1.66 million tonnes processed, 72% (by mass) was municipal household waste, 8% municipal non-household and 20% commercial waste. The industry as a whole was dominated by green waste composting, which accounted for approximately 80% of the raw feedstocks (by mass). A further 6% was food wastes, 3% kitchen and garden wastes and 11% was a mixture of other organics including forestry, sewage sludge and paper/cardboard.

The State of Composting in the UK 2001/2 also highlighted considerable geographical variation in the amount of composting taking place within the UK. England composted far more than any of the devolved nations, approximately 1.5 million tonnes, compared to Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales that each composted less than 60,000 tonnes. Further analysis revealed the amount collected per household was similar in England (72 kg/household/annum) and Northern Ireland (73 kg/household/annum), both of which collected more per household than either Wales (31 kg/household/annum) or Scotland (25 kg/household/annum).

Full colour printed versions of this report are available to order through this website, it is also available to download by clicking here.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) for Composters

This guide describes HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) and in particular how it can be applied to composting.

HACCP is a structured, objective approach to examining the hazards and evaluating the production process step by step to see which step is able to reduce the risk of one or more hazards to acceptable levels. If all of the production goes through that step, the step cannot be by-passed and re-contamination further down the process is not possible. This step is designated a Critical Control Point (CCP). The effectiveness can be further verified by testing the product, but in this situation the test is not the control, it is verification that the control (the CCP) is effective.

As HACCP is systematic, objective and documented, it has proved to be an effective due diligence defence in legal proceedings.

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Composting Manure for Value-added Products

By The Editors Of BioCycle This new report provides significant data on how composted manure fulfills soil needs for microbial vitality as well as nutrient management. Composting Manure for Value-Added Products describes the new driving forces to turn manure from a disposal headache into a productive resource. Options for composting run the full gamut of windrow techniques, and extend into agitated bays, in-barn systems, hoop structures, high-rise buildings and in-vessel methods. Materials handling techniques are equally versatile with many options to dewater, utilize carbon sources, aerate, screen and apply. The report also shows that anaerobic digestion makes sense at more and more manure generating facilities.

A special section features case studies which analyze costs and revenues, as well as the synergies between composting and other farm activities. Other sections of the report cover: Specialty markets, nurseries, landscapers, erosion control as well as compost use for increasing farm yields and suppressing disease; Materials blending methods; Picking the right system that serves a farm special needs.

The Biocycle Guide to Anaerobic Digestion

Since September 11, 2001, renewable energy initiatives have taken on even more significance and relevance, as part of a vital need to become less dependent on oil imports. We have the capability to produce alternative fuels like ethanol, biodiesel and methane from organic feedstocks that range from woody materials and agricultural crop residuals to food residuals and municipal solid waste. We are also capable of utilizing great quantities of compost in our food and fiber production methods to reduce petroleum based inputs.

The Biocycle Guide To Anaerobic Digestion showcases technologies, research, policies and products that demonstrate renewable fuels are not only feasible, but economically viable. This special BioCycle report serves as an authoritative report on implementing renewable energy projects for public works directors, solid waste managers, planners, consultants, developers and a host of others actively involved in maximizing the potential in anaerobic digestion.

Renewable Energy from Recycling Organics

Edited By The Staff Of BioCycle Proceedings of the First annual BioCycle Conference In Des Moines, Iowa, October 29, 30, 31, 2001 A review of latest research, advanced systems and innovative projects using biological processes to produce methane, alcohol fuels, compost and other value-added materials from organic residuals and biomass. Recovery of biomass –  materials from woody residuals and MSW to crop residuals, manure, and food processing waste must be made now more than ever before in these critical times. Yes, said presenters from all over the world, we can create fuels like biogas and ethanol along with healthy, high quality soils from biomass through anaerobic digestion, fermentation, gasification and composting.

Large-scale composting – A practical manual for the UK

A practical, user-friendly manual – the ideal companion for all scales of composting from large-scale commerical composting to farmers with organic residues to compost on-farm, the community sector, institutions wishing to compost on site and local authorities interested in diverting biodegrable materials from landfill through composting.

This practical guide looks at why and what you should compost, how to obtain different feedstocks, how to establish and run a composting site, what measures to take to protect workers and how to comply with present legislation and regulation.

The Manual focusses on windrow composting but also looks at in-vessel systems and vermicomposting. This invaluable Manual also looks at a variety of uses for compost products and how to market them.

The publication of the Manual has been made possible by support given under the Landfill Tax Credit Scheme from Norfolk Environmental Waste Services Ltd and the Waste Recycling Group plc.

The State of Composting in the UK – 1999

This report presents the findings of the 1999 Composting Association抯 survey of the UK composting industry. The survey was carried out during 2000, and covers the period from January to December 1999.

The results showed that in 1999 there were a total of 90 operators running 197 sites, processing approximately 833,044 tonnes of material. The sites have been classified into three different types, comprising:

  • 62 operators running 80 centralised sites processing 765,155 tonnes;
  • 18 co-ordinators/operators running 65 on-farm sites processing 66,401 tonnes;
  • and 10 co-ordinators/operators running 52 community sites processing 1,488 tonnes.

The State of Composting in the UK – 1998

A report of The Composting Association annual survey of the status of composting facilities in the UK in 1998.

The results indicate that in 1998 there were a total of 84 operators running 89 composting sites. In total, these composted approximately 910,821 tonnes. There were 59 centralised sites, composting 835,040 tonnes of organic waste, 11 community sites composting 939 tonnes, nine on-farm sites, composting 68,990 tonnes and nine on-site facilities composting approximately 5,837 tonnes. This represents a significant increase compared with the data obtained for the Association’s survey in 1997, in which only 313,215 tonnes were composted at 47 centralised facilities.

The State of Composting in the UK – A Blueprint for Action

This report provides clear and extensive information about centralised composting in the UK. “The State of Composting in the UK” contains the results of a comprehensive survey of almost every UK composting facility. It also sets out a “Blueprint for Action” for the composting industry as we approach the millennium.

The report reveals that the total amount of waste composted in the UK rose from around 60,000 tonnes in 1993 to over 300,000 tonnes in 1997. The report identifies those constraints which are seriously hindering the development of the industry: site financing, policy issues relating to planning and waste licensing, the development of markets for compost, and the provision of information to potential site operators. The “Blueprint for Action” makes clear recommendations to address these problems.

The Composters’ Answers Book

Here is the knowledge composters need to successfully deal with diverse feedstocks, maintain process control, avoid odor problems and monitor particle size, moisture and aeration, in order to create valuable material for crops and soils. Inside this special report, you’ll find answers on how to win public acceptance, market the end product, construct and operate a biofilter systemx and much more.

Standardised Protocol for the Sampling of Airborne Micro-organisms at Composting Facilities

Centralised composting processes result in the release of micro-organisms into the surrounding atmosphere. Conditions currently being set in waste management licences specify that facility operators must sample for these airborne micro-organisms around the site. This Standardised Protocol has been developed to provide guidance as to how these conditions can be met.

This Protocol recommends a standardised approach to sampling. It has been based upon practical experience gained by The Composting Association and has been overseen by a committee of independent experts.

The Protocol describes the equipment and materials required, and recommends how the results should be analysed and reported.